Intimate partner violence and perinatal health: a systematic review


Por: Pastor-Moreno G, Ruiz-Pérez I, Henares-Montiel J, Escribà-Agüir V, Higueras-Callejón C and Ricci-Cabello I

Publicada: 1 abr 2020 Ahead of Print: 1 ene 2020
Resumen:
Background Physical, psychological, and sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) has been described in the literature as different types of IPV experienced by women during pregnancy all over the world. Objectives To review and summarise systematically the empirical evidence on the links between IPV during pregnancy and the perinatal health of mothers and fetuses/neonates. Search strategy MEDLINE (Ovid), CINAHL, Embase, Nursing@ovid (Ovid), and LILACS were performed (2008-2018). Selection criteria Observational studies that examined perinatal health outcomes (i.e. pre-term birth, low birthweight, miscarriage, perinatal death, and premature rupture of membranes) in pregnant women exposed to IPV. Data collection and analysis Information on study characteristics, type of IPV measured, study design, methodological quality, and outcome variable extracted. Results Fifty studies were included. Twenty-nine analysed undifferentiated IPV (n = 25 489), 34 included physical IPV (n = 7333), 22 analysed psychological IPV (n = 7833), and 18 examined sexual IPV (n = 2388). Fifteen studies were from Asia, 12 from North America and Oceania, and 12 from Central and South America. The studies examined the association between IPV and 39 different perinatal health outcomes. The most frequent outcomes reported were pre-term birth (50%), low birthweight (46%), miscarriage (30%), perinatal death (20%), and premature rupture of membranes (20%). A significant association with perinatal health outcomes was reported by 12 of the studies analysing undifferentiated IPV, 18 physical IPV, six psychological IPV, and two sexual IPV. Conclusions The relation between IPV and perinatal health outcomes can be seen in different epidemiological designs and countries. In all, 39 different outcomes were identified and 29 were associated with IPV. Tweetable abstract A variety of poor perinatal health outcomes are associated with psychological, physical, and sexual IPV.

Direcciones
Pastor-Moreno G: Consorcio de Investigación Biomédica y en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain; Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, Spain
Ruiz-Pérez I: Consorcio de Investigación Biomédica y en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain; Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, Spain; Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada (ibs. GRANADA), Granada, Spain
Henares-Montiel J: Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, Spain
Escribà-Agüir V: Departamento de Enfermería, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, Spain; Fundación para el fomento de la Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de la Comunidad Valenciana (FISABIO), Valencia, Spain
Higueras-Callejón C: Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, Spain
Ricci-Cabello I: Consorcio de Investigación Biomédica y en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain; Institut d´Investigació Sanitaria Illes Balears (IdISBa), Palma, Spain; Gerència d´Atenció Primària del Servei de Salut de les Illes Balears (IB-SALUT), Palma, Spain
ISSN: 14700328





BJOG-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY
Editorial
WILEY, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA, Reino Unido
Tipo de documento: Review
Volumen: 127 Número: 5
Páginas: 537-547s
WOS: 000508178400001
ID de PubMed: 31912613

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